What Type Of Forex Trader Are You?

What are some things that separate a good trader from a great one? Guts, instincts, intelligence and, most importantly, timing. Just as there are many types of traders, there is an equal number of different time frames that assist traders in developing their ideas and executing their strategies. At the same time, timing also helps market warriors take several things that are outside of a trader's control into account. Some of these items include position leveraging, nuances of different currency pairs, and the effects of scheduled and unscheduled news releases in the market. As a result, timing is always a major consideration when participating in the foreign exchange world, and is a crucial factor that is almost always ignored by novice traders.

Tutorial: Beginner's Guide To MetaTrader 4

Want to bring your trading skills to the next level? Read on to learn more about time frames and how to use them to your advantage. 


Common Trader Time frames

In the grander scheme of things, there are plenty of names and designations that traders go by. But when taking time into consideration, traders and strategies tend to fall into three broader and more common categories: day traderswing trader and position trader

1. The Day Trader
Let's begin with what seems to be the most appealing of the three designations, the day trader. A day trader will, for a lack of a better definition, trade for the day. These are market participants that will usually avoid holding anything after the session close and will trade in a high-volume fashion.

On a typical day, this short-term trader will generally aim for a quick turnover rate on one or more trades, anywhere from 10- to 100-times the normal transaction size. This is in order to capture more profit from a rather small swing. As a result, traders who work in proprietary shops in this fashion will tend to use shorter time-frame charts, using one-, five-, or 15-minute periods. In addition, day traders tend to rely more on technical trading patterns and volatile pairs to make their profits. Although a long-term fundamental bias can be helpful, these professionals are looking for opportunities in the short term. (For background reading, see Would You Profit As A Day Trader? and Day Trading Strategies For Beginners.)

Figure 1
Source: FX Trek Intellicharts

One such currency pair is the British pound/Japanese yen as shown in Figure 1, above. This pair is considered to be extremely volatile, and is great for short-term traders, as average hourly ranges can be as high as 100 pips. This fact overshadows the 10- to 20-pip ranges in slower moving currency pairs like the euro/U.S. dollar or euro/British pound. (For more on pairs trading, see Common Questions About Currency Trading.)

2. Swing Trader
Taking advantage of a longer time frame, the swing trader will sometimes hold positions for a couple of hours - maybe even days or longer - in order to call a turn in the market. Unlike a day trader, the swing trader is looking to profit from an entry into the market, hoping the change in direction will help his or her position. In this respect, timing is more important in a swing trader's strategy compared to a day trader. However, both traders share the same preference for technical over fundamental analysis. A savvy swing trade will likely take place in a more liquid currency pair like the British pound/U.S. dollar. In the example below (Figure 2), notice how a swing trader would be able to capitalize on the double bottom that followed a precipitous drop in the GBP/USD currency pair. The entry would be placed on a test of support, helping the swing trader to capitalize on a shift in directional trend, netting a two-day profit of 1,400 pips. (To learn more, read The Daily Routine Of A Swing Trader and Introduction To Types Of Trading: Swing Traders.)

Figure 2
Source: FX Trek Intellicharts

3. The Position Trader
Usually the longest time frame of the three, the position trader differs mainly in his or her perspective of the market. Instead of monitoring short-term market movements like the day and swing style, these traders tend to look at a longer term plan. Position strategies span days, weeks, months or even years. As a result, traders will look at technical formations but will more than likely adhere strictly to longer term fundamental models and opportunities. These FX portfolio managers will analyze and consider economic models, governmental decisions and interest rates to make trading decisions. The wide array of considerations will place the position trade in any of the major currencies that are considered liquid. This includes many of the G7 currencies as well as the emerging market favorites.

Additional Considerations 
With three different categories of traders, there are also several different factors within these categories that contribute to success. Just knowing the time frame isn't enough. Every trader needs to understand some basic considerations that affect traders on an individual level.

Leverage
Widely considered a double-edged sword, leverage is a day trader's best friend. With the relatively small fluctuations that the currency market offers, a trader without leverage is like a fisherman without a fishing pole. In other words, without the proper tools, a professional is left unable to capitalize on a given opportunity. As a result, a day trader will always consider how much leverage or risk he or she is willing to take on before transacting in any trade. Similarly, a swing trader may also think about his or her risk parameters. Although their positions are sometimes meant for longer term fluctuations, in some situations, the swing trader will have to feel some pain before making any gain on a position. In the example below (Figure 3), notice how there are several points in the downtrend where a swing trader could have capitalized on the Australian dollar/U.S. dollar currency pair. Adding the slow stochastic oscillator, a swing strategy would have attempted to enter into the market at points surrounding each golden cross. However, over the span of two to three days, the trader would have had to withstand some losses before the actual market turn could be called correctly. Magnify these losses with leverage and the final profit/loss would be disastrous without proper risk assessment. (For more insight, see Forex Leverage: A Double-Edged Sword.) 

 

Figure 3
Source: FX Trek Intellicharts

Different Currency Pairs
In addition to leverage, currency pair volatility should also be considered. It's one thing to know how much you may potentially lose per trade, but it's just as important to know how fast your trade can lose. As a result, different time frames will call for different currency pairs. Knowing that the British pound/Japanese yen currency cross sometimes fluctuates 100 pips in an hour may be a great challenge for day traders, but it may not make sense for the swing trader who is trying to take advantage of a change in market direction. For this reason alone, swing traders will want to follow more widely recognized G7 major pairs as they tend to be more liquid than emerging market and cross currencies. For example, the euro/U.S. dollar is preferred over the Australian dollar/Japanese yen for this reason. 

News Releases
Finally, traders in all three categories must always be aware of both unscheduled and scheduled news releases and how they affect the market. Whether these releases are economic announcements, central bank press conferences or the occasional surprise rate decision, traders in all three categories will have individual adjustments to make. (For more information, see Trading On News Releases.)

Short-term traders will tend to be the most affected, as losses can be exacerbated while swing trader directional bias will be corrupted. To this effect, some in the market will prefer the comfort of being a position trader. With a longer term perspective, and hopefully a more comprehensive portfolio, the position trader is somewhat filtered by these occurrences as they have already anticipated the temporary price disruption. As long as price continues to conform to the longer term view, position traders are rather shielded as they look ahead to their benchmark targets. A great example of this can be seen on the first Friday of every month in the U.S. non-farm payrolls report. Although short-term players have to deal with choppy and rather volatile trading following each release, the longer-term position player remains relatively sheltered as long as the longer term bias remains unchanged. (For more insight, see What impact does a higher non-farm payroll have on the forex market?)

Figure 4
Source: FX Trek Intellicharts

Which Time Frame Is Right?
Which time frame is right really depends on the trader. Do you thrive in volatile currency pairs? Or do you have other commitments and prefer the sheltered, long-term profitability of a position trade? Fortunately, you don't have to be pigeon-holed into one category. Let's take a look at how different time frames can be combined to produce a profitable market position.

Like a Position Trader
As a position trader, the first thing to analyze is the economy - in this case, in the U.K. Let's assume that given global conditions, the U.K.'s economy will continue to show weakness in line with other countries. Manufacturing is on the downtrend with industrial production as consumer sentiment and spending continue to tick lower. Worsening the situation has been the fact that policymakers continue to use benchmark interest rates to boost liquidity and consumption, which causes the currency to sell off because lower interest rates mean cheaper money. Technically, the longer term picture also looks distressing against the U.S. dollar. Figure 5 shows two death crosses in our oscillators, combined with significant resistance that has already been tested and failed to offer a bearish signal.

 

Figure 5
Source: FX Trek Intellicharts

Like a Day Trader
After we establish the long-term trend, which in this case would be a continued deleveraging, or sell off, of the British pound, we isolate intraday opportunities that give us the ability to sell into this trend through simple technical analysis (support and resistance). A good strategy for this would be to look for great short opportunities at the London open after the price action has ranged from the Asian session. (For more, see Measuring And Managing Investment Risk.)

Although too easy to believe, this process is widely overlooked for more complex strategies. Traders tend to analyze the longer term picture without assessing their risk when entering into the market, thus taking on more losses than they should. Bringing the action to the short-term charts helps us to see not only what is happening, but also to minimize longer and unnecessary drawdowns.

The Bottom Line
Time frames are extremely important to any trader. Whether you're a day, swing, or even position trader, time frames are always a critical consideration in an individual's strategy and its implementation. Given its considerations and precautions, the knowledge of time in trading and execution can help every novice trader head toward greatness.

Analysis: New ESMA Regulations Likely to Reshape the Industry as We Know It

The new regulatory environment which European watchdogs have unfolded will change this business for the better

Unfortunately, as it many times happens, the mistakes of the few have impacted the many (or perhaps the other way around in this case, not so sure on this one). Unregulated brokers that have plagued the Forex and CFD trading industry, along with binary options brokers have prompted a drastic response on behalf of the supranational EU-wide industry watchdog.

The changes in short

Again… I am assuming you are not from Mars, but just in case Elon did manage to insert you inside the spaceman suit on that roadster, here are the changes to regulations in brief. Maximum leverage for trading FX has been cut to 1:30, indices and gold are at 1:20, other commodities are at 1:10 and shares are at 1:5.

Brokers are required to provide a negative balance protection and display clearly on their marketing message what is the percentage of their clients that lose money. Yes, exactly, that must read like something similar to: “come along and deposit some money with our brokerage, we hope you are not one of the 90 percent of poor folks that lose money.” (You might as well add a smiley face at the end, just for color.)

Impact for market makers

We are going to have a look at the impact on the industry from two different perspectives. The first one is that of brokers that are acting as principals and are internalizing their flow. The so-called ‘market makers’ are likely to get more materially affected by the changes mandated by the ESMA.

The reason for that is that such brokers are typically more reliant on direct marketing, trading incentives, and most crucially, their clients losing money. Higher leverage always means a shorter life-span for a retail trader’s account. Low levels of leverage are the preferred way to trade for institutional investors, where big drawdowns in the account balance are quite unwelcome.

Brokers have been offering high leverage to clients in order to lure them into the narrative that it is easy to make a lot of money with a relatively small deposit. The reality in the financial markets however, is that, as described by the ESMA, between 80 and 95 percent of retail clients are losing their deposits.

So when a market-making broker attracts a client with say 1:400 leverage, the likelihood that the holder of this account will be bust within three months is very high. A switch between fear and greed emotions in the brain chemistry is one of the most perilous enemies of a trader.

Trading the market is catering to these emotions and short bursts of dopamine when a trader is winning are driving their desire to trade more. Curiously, some social media users are experiencing precisely the same pattern that lures them into continuing to stick to that phone screen on the train.

The levels of leverage which the ESMA is mandating are automatically slamming the breaks on excitement levels. Suddenly a trader has to deposit $5000 to open a position sizeable enough to change one’s life. When previously $500 were enough, this makes a huge difference. Brokers will need to change their acquisition and retention strategy altogether to stay on top of their game when attracting clients.

 

Impact for STP brokers

After we established some of the potential risks for market makers, let’s focus on STP brokers. Straight-Through Processing (STP) is a different mode of operation for the retail brokerage industry. Such firms are not relying in any way on the losses of their clients, as the money in those accounts is flowing into the market.

The revenue of the brokerage is relying on commissions. The more trades a trader makes within their lifespan, the more commissions the brokerage is getting. As a result, we can deduce that such brokerages are keen on their clients not losing money, because they will stop generating commissions to the brokerage the moment they lose their balance.

Such brokers are typically more inclined to provide their clients with added value tools that can drive a mediocre trader closer to success. The ESMA’s new regulations are going to have an impact on such companies in two major ways.

The first one is trading volumes. Granted, broker trading volumes will register a decline, and probably, at least initially it will be big. Leverage restrictions, however, have had a mixed impact on other markets. In Japan, for example, the official maximum leverage of 1:25 has not impacted the industry in the long run as local brokers are posting the highest trading volumes in the world.

Capital requirements is another issue. All brokers are now mandated to provide negative balance protection and the FCA was one of the first regulators that suddenly realized that having firms with a capital requirement of a couple of hundred grand was no longer adequate. All STP firms are very likely to need to apply for a 730.000 euro ($900.000) license and prepare to meet the capital requirements that come with that.

Loss percentage disclosure (Ouch!)

Last but not least, I want to pay some explicit attention to a subject that has not been discussed enough. That is the disclaimer that every broker has to accompany their advertisement messages with a  line reading ’90 percent of our clients lose money!,’ or something of the likes.

The ESMA’s announcement has just created a great new incentive for brokerages and that is to attract the best possible traders. This will inevitably result in a paradigm shift for good practice in the industry. Suddenly attracting traders is not enough, brokers that want to remain in this industry for the long haul will have to attract the right kind of clients and strive to make their clients better traders all the time.

Not many brokers have been working in this direction, and even fewer have been successful in doing so. Education will no longer be an extension of retention. I am referring to a number of products that are branded as education but the only thing they do is confuse a trader even more and completely disconnect them from the reality of the market: it is very hard to make money trading.

I hope that many brokers manage to succeed in the quest to teach traders how to trade. It has been a long and hard way for the few that remain in this business. In the meantime, those phony educators that are acting akin to affiliates are now becoming something closer to a bad practice for every broker who is committed to having a good ratio of profitable traders.

As the final rules are published by the ESMA and as local regulators start chipping in with circulars, we will know more details. But for now, it is well worth thinking about how you are going to approach this brand new market starting from a couple of months from now.

Coinbase Acquires Earn.com In $100 Million Deal

Perhaps the best-known company in all of cryptocurrency has announced their first major acquisition. Coinbase has bought Earn.com, a startup that allows users to be compensated in digital currency for completing small tasks and responding to emails.

Coinbase Deal as Much About New Staff as it is the Acquisition of Earn.com

Recode reports that Coinbase has bought Earn.com for just over $100 million. Along with the acquisition, there are some additional perks for digital currency exchange too. The buyout will enable Coinbase to bring Balaji Srinivasan on board as their first Chief Technology Officer.

According to a blog post by Coinbase CEO Brian Armstrong, Srinivasan is “one of the most respected technologists in the crypto field”.

A brief look at his resume gives clear indication as to why Coinbase would want him to fill the role of CTO. Srinivasan holds qualifications up to PhD level in Electrical Engineering, as well as an MS in Chemical Engineering. These were awarded by Stanford University where he also teaches a variety of subjects. These include data mining, statistics, genomics, and blockchain courses.

Armstrong outlined the purpose of Srinivasan’s appointment in the post:

“Balaji will serve an important role as the technological evangelist for the company. Balaji will evangelise for both crypto and for Coinbase, educating the world and recruiting crypto-first talent to the company.”

The blog post seemed much more focused on the appointment of the new CTO than it did about the acquisition itself. That said, Armstrong did state that Coinbase would be expanding the Earn.com model within the crypto exchange. He went on to acknowledge the platform as a prime example of an early use of blockchain technology that had been able to “achieve meaningful traction.”

Conversely, a post on Earn.com’s news section expressed excitement for what the acquisition would mean for the platform itself. Under Coinbase, the company expects to be able to get “bigger and better”. This will better position them to complete their lofty end goal:

“If we’re successful in our long-term goals, we will be able to turn the billions of smartphones worldwide into a new source of work.”

Earn.com, formerly 21.co,  started out in 2013 as a Bitcoin mining hardware manufacturer. They’ve since rebranded in late 2017. The company now offers a service in which users are paid for responding to emails and completing small tasks such as surveys.

By using cryptocurrency to compensate their users, Earn.com can appeal to a truly global user base. They can pay people a small sum of money for their time, even if the user doesn’t have access to traditional banking infrastructure.

Week of 3/25/2018 Market Moving News

FOMC speeches will set the tone for the week. We are expecting USD to crash 1% or more tomorrow (Monday) 

 

This could be the breaking point for the S&P and even possibly the Dow

 

 

 

with FOMC speeches all week & GDP being published we may see some moment in the dollar 

 

 

As for Forex we see some great opportunities

EURJPY long (intraday type setup)
https://www.tradingview.com/chart/EURJPY/MUscO5YT-EURJPY-Long/

USDCAD short (intraweek setup)
https://www.tradingview.com/chart/USDCAD/SKv8FzvB-USDCAD-SHORT-overall/

USDJPY potential long (intraday setup)
https://www.tradingview.com/chart/USDJPY/gdO6NJC0-USDJPY-highly-active-potential-long/

AUDUSD double play. Shorting then longing (look at chart)
https://www.tradingview.com/chart/AUDUSD/T5AKBlCQ-AUDUSD-Major-Trend-Long-W-chart-Shorting-D-chart/

EURUSD keeping an eye out but not trading
https://www.tradingview.com/chart/EURUSD/9W0l7yu2-Not-trading-EURUSD-for-now/

 

Dollar Remains Slightly Lower after U.S. Jobs Report



Investing.com - The dollar remained slightly lower against the other major currencies on Monday after Friday’s U.S. jobs report tempered expectations for a faster rate of rate hikes by the Federal Reserve this year.

The U.S. dollar index, which measures the greenback’s strength against a basket of six major currencies, was at 89.94 by 10:13 AM ET (14:13 GMT), down 0.13% for the day.

The U.S. economy added 313,000 jobs in February, the Labor Department reported Friday, but average hourly earnings rose by just 0.1%.

The strong jobs growth boosted risk appetite, while the slowdown in wage growth dampened expectations for four rate hikes by the Fed this year, a negative for the dollar, which tends to become more attractive to yield-seeking investors when borrowing costs rise.

The euro was little changed, with EUR/USD last at 1.2310 after rising as high as 1.2341 earlier.

Sterling pushed higher against the softer greenback, with USD/GBP climbing 0.27% to 1.3889.

The pound’s gains were held in check amid fears that an upcoming Brexit summit meeting later this month would fail to secure a transition arrangement.

Sterling was higher against the euro, with EUR/GBP down 0.2% to 0.8863.

Against the yen, the dollar was lower, with USD/JPY down 0.24% to 106.54.

Demand for the Japanese currency was boosted amid concerns over a cronyism scandal linked to the country’s prime minister and his wife involving the sale of public land. The safe haven yen tends to rise in times of market uncertainty.

Market Snapshot – Dollar Weakening Continues

The euro rose higher during the course of trading today as the dollar weakness assumed larger proportions during this period and we saw the dollar weaken all across the board. We are likely to see this weakening continue for the rest of the trading session as worries about the tariffs imposed by the US continued to dominate the headlines and weaken the dollar. Not only would these tariffs increase the domestic costs of cars and other items that use these metals, it would also lead to a large possibility of a trade war breaking out between the global economic powers and this is not good for any country for that matter. This has led the stock markets lower and this is likely to keep the dollar weak as well. Just when it looked as though the dollar would be able to make a major bullish run, we are seeing the euro about to close the week above the 1.2240 support region and this should help the bulls regain control.

In the crypto markets, the BTC prices have once again lost touch with the $11000 region and with the weekend closeby we can see the action begin to wind down in a slow and steady manner. The market is open during the weekends but we doubt whether the bulls would have the power to push the prices higher by too much over the weekend and this is likely to lead to consolidation and ranging for much of the weekend. The traders were hopeful that the bulls would be able to establish control atleast over the next few days but that has not happened so far and we believe that the price action is likely to be even more choppy in the coming days as the prices swing on either side of the larger range between the $10000 and the $12000 regions so far.

Market Snapshot – Traders Tread Cautiously on Hawkish Fed

Stocks Move Lower

The stock markets have been trading in a cautious manner over the last few days as the Fed has been more hawkish than what many would have expected it to be. The focus over the last 24 hours has been on the FOMC meeting minutes that were released yesterday. After some initial confusion over how it needed to be interpreted, the traders realised that the Fed meant business and that it could be possibly even 4 rate hikes during the course of the year depending on how the incoming data from the US pans out. This kind of hawkish language was not something that was expected at this stage from the Fed and this has led the dollar higher and put the pressure on the stock markets. The increase in interest rates could make taking loans a costly affair in the US and hence this is likely to affect the stock markets in the medium term. This is one of the reasons why the stocks are under pressure and the traders are trading carefully with the next bearish leg just around the corner.

Cryptos Hit by Losses

In the crypto world, we are seeing some all round losses with the BTC moving below the $10,000 region after scything through the strong support at the $10,400 region which had been holding up the prices till yesterday. The ETH prices have also dropped below the $800 region as of this writing and it can be said that these losses can be seen all around the markets. There have been no specific reasons that can be attributed to the drop but as the markets begin to mature, we have to try and see how the different markets and instruments operate in co-relation with each other in the short and medium term. The last couple of days has seen some solid strength in the dollar and the prospect of quick rate hikes in the US and this could be affecting the demand of the cryptocurrencies. The traders need to wait and see if there is a pattern emerging out of this.

 

Global Equities Struggle after Fed Report, Wall Street Reverses Lower

Global equities have sold off this morning. The Nikkei Index declined by more than a percent, and the Hang Seng fell nearly 1 and a half percent. European equities have also produced selling. French Consumer Price Index statistics were lackluster with a result of minus 0.1%. And a German Business Climate reading missed its estimate. Wall Street was positive most of Wednesday, but upon investors digesting the Federal Reserve’s Meeting Minutes the three major indexes experienced strong momentum downwards. Wall Street is expected to open with further headwinds per indicators coming from the Futures Markets.

U.S Dollar Reacts in Strong Fashion, Disappointing U.K Business Sentiment

Forex has provided pure fireworks the past day. The U.S Dollar became stronger late last night as investors began to react to the renewed prospects of a few interest rate hikes in the States. The Pound and Euro have been trading relatively calmly the past couple of hours, but remain below yesterday’s higher values. Second Estimate GDP results came from the U.K this morning and were slightly below expectations. And a Business Investment survey, also from Britain proved disappointing. The Yen has been slightly stronger as risk adverse trading dominated Asian equity markets today.

Near-Term Appears Vulnerable to Gold, Steady Decline and Headwinds

A strong reversal took place for Gold late on Wednesday. After initially gaining upon the Federal Reserve’s report, the precious metal began a steady decline and headwinds have continued. Gold is near 1321.00 U.S Dollars an ounce and looks vulnerable for the near term.

Canadian Retail Sales Statistics, Weekly Unemployment Numbers from the U.S

Crude Oil Inventories data will come from the U.S at 16:00 GMT and could provide insights for commodity traders.

  • 13:30 PM GMT Canada, Core Retail Sales
  • 13:30 PM GMT U.S, Unemployment Claims
  • 16:00 PM GMT U.S, Crude Oil Inventories

Stocks slip further as banks sink; Wells Fargo plunges

NEW YORK (AP) — U.S. stocks are slightly lower near midday Monday as banks and energy companies slip, but technology companies recover some of Friday's losses. Wells Fargo is sinking after the Federal Reserve hit the bank with new sanctions over a scandal that involved opening millions of phony consumer accounts. The market erased some of its early losses following a mid-morning report showing more evidence of economic strength in the U.S economy.

KEEPING SCORE: The Standard & Poor's 500 index lost 7 points, or 0.3 percent, to 2,754 as of 11:20 a.m. The Dow Jones industrial average was down 73 points, or 0.3 percent, to 25,449. Early on, it fell 355 points. The Nasdaq composite fell 4 points, or 0.1 percent, to 7,236. Technology companies recovered from sharp losses Friday, when investors were disappointed with earnings reports from Apple and Alphabet, the two most valuable companies on the market.

The Russell 2000 index of smaller-company stocks fell 6 points, or 0.4 percent, to 1,541.

The S&P 500 is down 4 percent from its latest record high, set January 26.

Investors are worried about evidence of rising inflation in the U.S. Increased inflation might push the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates more quickly, which could slow down economic growth by making it make it more expensive for people and businesses to borrow money. Rising bond yields are also making bonds more appealing to investors compared with stocks.

WELLS FARGO PLUNGES: Wells Fargo dropped $4.65, or 7.3 percent, to $59.42. Late Friday the Fed said it will freeze Wells Fargo's assets at the level where they stood at the end of last year until it can demonstrate improved internal controls. The San Francisco bank also agreed to remove four directors from its board.

WAKING UP: The stock market has been unusually calm for more than a year. The combination of economic growth in the U.S. and other major economies, low interest rates, and support from central banks meant stocks could keep rising steadily without a lot of bumps along the way. Experts have been warning that that wouldn't last forever, and after big gains in the first three weeks of January, that stretch might be over.

Stocks haven't suffered a 5 percent drop since the two days after Britain voted to leave the European Union in June 2016. The market hasn't gone through a 10 percent drop since early 2016, when oil prices were plunging as investors worried about a drop in global growth that would hurt demand. U.S. crude hit a low of about $26 a barrel in February of that year.

SURVEY SAYS: Stocks recovered most of their early losses after a strong report for the service sector. The Institute for Supply Management released a survey that showed January was the best month for the service sector since 2005 as production, new orders, hiring and new export orders all grew faster in January. Private service companies dominate the U.S. economy and the ISM's index has showed growth every month for the eight years.

SWEETENED OFFER: Chipmaker Broadcom raised its offer for competitor Qualcomm to $121 billion in cash and stock, or $82 per share, and called the bid its best and final offer. It had offered $103 billion for Qualcomm, and that company says it will review the bid. Broadcom rose $6.27, or 2.7 percent, to $241.77 and Qualcomm dipped $1.77, or 2.7 percent, to $64.30.

ENERGY: Benchmark U.S. crude slid 43 cents to $65.11 a barrel in New York. Brent crude, used to price international oils, fell 25 cents to $68.33 a barrel in London.

Exxon Mobil lost $2.29, or 2.7 percent, to $82.24 and Chevron gave up 93 cents to $117.65. Both companies reported disappointing fourth-quarter results on Friday and are coming off their biggest losses in years.

BONDS: Bond prices fell slightly. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 2.85 percent from 2.84 percent.

CURRENCIES: The dollar fell to 110.11 yen from 110.28 yen. The euro slipped to $1.2417 from $1.2451.

BITCOIN WOES: Bitcoin prices and futures continued to sink. According to Coindesk, the price of bitcoin fell 9 percent to $7,437. It reached a high of almost $20,000 in December, and traded under $1,000 in early 2017. Many financial pros warn that bitcoin is in a speculative bubble that could burst anytime. On the CME, bitcoin futures plunged 14 percent to $7,385. They tumbled 13 percent to $7,370

AUD/USD and NZD/USD Fundamental Weekly Forecast – Australian Dollar: Trump Speech, Consumer Inflation Key Market Movers

Last week, the Australian Dollar surged against the U.S. Dollar, taking out the September 20 main top at .8102 and the September 8 main top at .8124 before stopping short of its May 4, 2015 main top at .8162 and a long-term 50% level at .8165. There wasn’t any major economic news from Australia last week. All of the price action was driven by a steep plunge in the U.S. Dollar. Higher commodity prices as a result of the weaker Greenback have also added further impetus to the Aussie strength.

The AUD/USD settled at .8108, up 0.0126 or +1.58%.

View photos
Weekly AUD/USD

The New Zealand Dollar finished the week sharply higher despite some strong mid-week volatility, triggered by weaker-than-expected quarterly inflation data. The rally was fueled by the weaker U.S. Dollar.

The NZD/USD settled at .7355, up 0.0082 or 1.12%.

View photos
Weekly NZD/USD

Last week, the New Zealand government reported that growth in its consumer prices unexpectedly slowed in the final quarter of 2017 as a sharp drop in the price of retail goods outweighed the effect of more expensive gasoline and air fares.

The consumer price index increased 0.1% from the previous quarter and 1.6% from a year earlier, Statistics New Zealand said Thursday, following a 0.5% rebound in the third quarter that brought the annual gain to 1.9% on year.

Economists were looking for a 0.4% increase from the previous quarter, and remain steady at 1.9% compared with the previous year.

Draghi: U.S. Weak Dollar Raise Questions

ECB President Draghi addresses a news conference at the ECB headquarters in Frankfurt